A field study was conducted in Jorhat district of Assam. The objective of the study is to obtain a better understanding of the factors affecting rice production at the farm level. The data were collected from 80 farmers using multistage random sampling technique. A regression analysis Cobb –Douglas model was used to identify the factors affecting rice production at farm level (Adopters and Non Adopters).The empirical evidence finds that FYM cost (0.074) and fertilizer cost (0.107) were found to be positive and significant indicating that with 1 % increase in both the inputs would increase the rice production and thereby increase the gross return by 7.4 and 10.7 %, respectively. Problems faced by the farmers as collected by primary survey were ranked using the ranking method. Among adopters, the major problem observed was high seed cost according to 33.33 % of total adopters and lack of extension contacts was a serious problem as reported by 26.00 % of non adopters due to which they were lagging knowledge about flood tolerant rice varieties.