An Analysis of Problems and Constraints Faced by Farmers in Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Punjab

Namami Gohain
Journal article Economic Affairs • September 2018

Download full text
(English, 8 pages)


Agriculture as an economic activity is subjected to serious risk of natural conditions and price risk. Some of the important constraints of agricultural marketing system in the country are lack of infrastructure like storage, transportation, quality control, packaging, price risk management, cool chains, market led extension, and condusive framework for promotion of contract farming. The present study was undertaken in the state of Punjab to study the problems of farmers in the marketing of paddy, wheat, maize and cotton. A total sample of 180 farmers from 12 villages of six districts was selected for the study. The sample farmers were further categorized, based on their operational holding, as marginal, small, semi-medium, medium and large farmers. The results from the study indicated that the most important problem identified by the farmers in the marketing of paddy and wheat was the delay in procurement of paddy in the markets followed by the deduction of payments by commission agents due to higher moisture content in the grains. However, the major problem during marketing of basmati was the exploitative practices by the intermediaries followed by lack of public procurement. The problem faced by majority of farmers in the marketing of maize and cotton was the lack of public procurement of the produce and lack of remunerative price of the crop respectively.




Economic Affairs

Economic Affairs, Quarterly Journal of Economics, is a Peer-Review publication based on multi-dis... see more