A sound infrastructural facility is the key to the overall socio-economic development of a state. Infrastructure facilities are the wheels of development without which the economy cannot function properly. This paper studies the level of physical and social infrastructural disparities in Kohima and Longleng districts using seven indicators such as education, health, banking, postal service, water supply, surface road cover and electricity. The data’s were than analyzed using Principal Components Analysis. The results shows that disparities in infrastructure facilities between rural and urban areas is high. The finding shows that 87.5 per cent of the urban areas are developed and moderately developed whereas, only 12.5 per cent of the rural areas are in developed and moderately developed. The paper concludes by suggesting that suitable policies for developing the backward areas.