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description Journal article public Economic Affairs

An Economic Analysis of Poplar Cultivation in Punjab

Mandeep Singh
Published 15 Dezembro 2020

Abstract

The present study analyzed the economic viability of poplar based agro-forestry system in Punjab. Primary data were collected from a sample of 60 adopters and 32 non-adopters of agro-forestry from 4 clusters of villages from Ludhiana and Ropar districts of Punjab state pertaining to year 2013-14. Two types of agro-forestry systems AFS-I (wheat + kharif fodder during 1st four years of poplar cultivation) and AFS-II (sugarcane for first two years and wheat during 3-4 years) were identified. The establishment cost was estimated at ` 7,871 per acre for an average farmer. The operational cost was worked out at ` 3,724 during 1-4 years and ` 2,919 during 5-6 years of plantation in AFS-I on per acre basis. The per acre operational cost in AFS-II was estimated at ` 1,904 during 1-2 years, ` 5,071 during 3-4 years and ` 3,630 during 5-6 years of poplar plantation. The net returns were ` 2,02,463, ` 2,05,283 and ` 2,29,720 in AFS-I and ` 2,19,015, ` 1,78,832 and ` 2,00,639 in AFS-II at 4th, 5th and 6th years of harvesting on per acre basis. The benefit-cost ratio and net present value were the highest at 5th year of harvesting in case of AFS-I and AFS-II. The analysis of benefit-cost ratio and net present value showed that the investment in poplar cultivation is considered to be economically viable during the study year.

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